Pediatric Dentistry (formerly Pedodontics/Paedodontics) is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence. This discipline focuses intimately on pediatric/adolescent growth and development, disease causality and prevention, child psychology and management, and all aspects of the highly-specialized Pediatric restorative techniques and modalities. Some Pediatric Dentists also specialize in the care of "special needs" patients, such as people with cerebral palsy, mental retardation and autism. Pediatric dentists require an extra two to three years of dental training that prepare them in meeting the unique dental needs of infant children and adolescent dental care. This also includes those with special health care needs.

Additionally pediatric dentists work towards the maintenance of primary teeth (baby teeth) until they are naturally lost. This is due to the importance they serve in permitting children to chew properly and therefore maintain good nutrition its role in speech development and the way it aids permanent teeth by saving space for them.

Pulpectomy: The Pulpectomy procedure is also called partial root canal. Pulpectomy refers to a common endodontic procedure in which the dental pulp and root canal are completely removed. This procedure is usually done on primary teeth (children’s teeth) by a pediatric dentist. The ’pulp’ is soft tissue containing the dental nerves inside a tooth and ‘ectomy’ means to cut out. If the decay has progressed into the dental nerve far enough, the tooth will abscess. When this occurs, the tooth will need a Pulpectomy or be removed and a space maintainer placed.

Crowns: Two types of crowns are available and can be used in children. The first is the stainless steel crown, which is used to restore a largely decayed primary molar, or a pulpally treated molar. The second is the cellulose crown and is used to restore anterior teeth.